The floor can be defined as the lowermost horizontal surface of a given space, such as a room. The term flooring pertains to a durable and lasting material that is used to cover a floor surface. It also encompasses the process of installing such a floor covering. The flooring industry offers a diverse range of options, with various types of flooring available. This is primarily due to the fact that flooring is the first visual element that captures one's attention upon entering a residence, as it extends throughout the entirety of the living space. The surface that undergoes the most wear and tear necessitates the selection of appropriate material, thereby highlighting the paramount significance of material selection.

Types of Floors

Below are some of the most common typs of floors:

  1. Mud Floor
  2. Mud Floor

    Earthen flooring, also referred to as Adobe flooring, is typically composed of unprocessed ground materials such as dirt or raw earth. In modern days, it is commonly fabricated utilizing a mixture of sand, clay, and crushed straw.

    In rural areas, it is a prevalent practice to construct mud flooring through the addition of stabilizers. This technique involves the manipulation of soil composition by adding appropriate stabilizing agents to enhance its properties. The soil's tensile and shear strength exhibit an increase, while its shrinkage undergoes a reduction.


    The installation of such floors is typically limited to residential buildings located in rural areas, where cost-effectiveness and ease of implementation are prioritized over commercial or professional-grade flooring solutions. Mud flooring is simple to clean and maintain; it does not get hot in the summer and does not become warm in the winter; as a result, it is best suited for locations that experience highs and lows in temperature throughout the year.

  3. Brick Floor
  4. Brick flooring is a flooring option that utilizes brick as its surface material. The construction and repair of these structures are relatively uncomplicated. However, the resultant surface texture is characterized by a lack of smoothness and a roughness that renders it susceptible to moisture absorption and retention. This, in turn, may lead to the growth of dampness within the building.


    The floors are suitable for stores, godowns etc.

  5. Tile Floor
  6. Tile Floor

    A type of flooring that is composed of tiles as its surface covering is commonly referred to as a tile floor. You may use tiles of whatever grade, color, shape, or thickness you choose.


    These floor are used for paving courtyard of buildings. Glazed tiles floors are used in modern buildings where a high class building is desired.

  7. Flagstone Floor
  8. Flagstone Floor

    A type of flooring that comprises of stone slabs as its topping is commonly referred to as a flagstone floor. The stone blocks used here may not all be the same size, but they shouldn't be longer than 75 cm, wider than 35 cm, or thicker than 3.8 cm.


    Suitable for go-downs, motor sheds, stores, pavements etc.

  9. Cement concrete Floor
  10. Cement Concrete Floor

    A flooring system that utilizes a topping composed of cement concrete is commonly referred to as a cement concrete floor or a conglomerate floor. The flooring system comprises a concrete layer with a thickness ranging from 2.5 cm to 5 cm, which is placed on top of a 10 cm thick base concrete. Additionally, a 10 cm thick layer of clean sand is placed over the ground, which undergoes compaction and consolidation. Nowadays, these types of floors are frequently utilized.

  11. Terrazzo Floor
  12. The flooring material known as terrazzo is comprised of a composite mixture. The composition of the material comprises a diverse range of aggregate chips, such as stone or marble, and is held together by either epoxy resin or concrete. This material possesses the versatility to be utilized in both indoor and outdoor settings, and can be applied in either a poured concrete or tiled format. Although initially utilized mainly in commercial buildings, the utilization of this material has gained popularity in residential settings. The customization of colors and flecks provides a diverse array of design possibilities. Terrazzo flooring is characterized by its lightweight and durable nature.